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lipid profile test purpose

Lipid Profile Test: What It Is, Purpose, Preparation & Range

Lipids are fatty acids, and the derivatives are present in your body. But you need to know that only some lipids are always right. Lipids play a crucial role in the functioning of your body as they form a part of the cell membranes and hormones. It provides cushioning and also works like a storehouse of energy. The lipid profile test measures various types of lipids in your body.

Basics you need to know about lipid profile tests

A lipid profile test helps you measure different lipids in your blood. The lipid profile test is prominently known as a lipid panel or cholesterol test. This test enables you to measure different types of cholesterol. LDL, or low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, is bad cholesterol because it forms different types of plaque in your arteries and impacts your heart health. So, this cholesterol should be maintained in the lower range. Very low-density lipoproteins appear in your blood soon after you've consumed food. A lipid profile is done as your fasting tests, and if there is an increased level of very low-density lipoproteins in your blood sample, it can suggest a metabolic ailment.

Additionally, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol is prominently known as good cholesterol as it helps in clearing away the bad cholesterol and also prevents build-up. The total cholesterol Test is the sum of different types of cholesterol in your body, including low-density lipoproteins, very low-density lipoproteins, and high-density lipoproteins. Triglycerides are also measured in this test, and your body converts the excess amount of calories into triglycerides and stores it as your body fat.

Benefits of lipid profile test

A lipid profile test is generally performed to determine cardiovascular risk factors. High cholesterol levels can indicate a higher risk of heart disease like hypertension or heart attack. High cholesterol levels do not have any visible symptoms. Still, physicians use the lipid profile test to keep a tab on your lipid levels in the blood and detect the high levels before they have a side effect on cardiovascular health. The lipid panel is also used to understand different conditions like fatty liver or pancreatitis.

Who should go for a lipid profile test?

You should go for a lipid profile test if you are a male over the age of 45 or a female over 50. You are obese, or you are a smoker. Kids can also have cholesterol levels because of genetics or just being obese.

How is the lipid profile test done?

During the blood testing, an expert will come to your place and tie an elastic band on the upper arm, and you will be asked to make a fist. This will ensure a lot of blood flow in your veins. The skin around the vein on the arm would be cleaned to prevent infection, and the needle would be inserted. The doctor might draw the blood using a syringe, and the sample would be collected and then sent to the laboratory for analysis. You need to wait around one to two days.

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