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High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) - Symptoms and Causes

Hypertension and, subsequently, high blood pressure can be deadly. It can often lead to death. In this context, it is relevant to share that a significant population worldwide falls prey to high blood pressure. An interesting thing about high blood pressure is that initially, no symptoms are associated with the disease. However, as the ailment becomes more and more severe then, the symptoms become visible. An excellent way to understand whether your blood pressure is high is to get a thorough medical checkup. There are options for the aged to monitor blood pressure at home. This blog provides useful insight into the symptoms and causes of high blood pressure, hypertension, and related ailments.

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Qris Basic stress Package

Parameter included: 66

  • Thyroid Profile-Total (T3, T4 & TSH- sensitive)
  • Kidney Function Test (KFT)
  • HBA1C
View more +
₹1599 ₹1099* Book Test
*Get upto 40% extra discount

What are the high blood pressure symptoms?

If an individual’s blood pressure is high, then there are some hypertension symptoms or high blood pressure symptoms to report, and they are as follows:- 

  • Bleeding nose
  • Severe headaches
  • Vision-related issues
  • Pain in the chest
  • Fatigue or confusions
  • Blood in the urine
  • Difficulty to breathe
  • Heartbeat is irregular

There can be other high blood pressure symptoms, and they are as follows:-

  • Nervousness
  • Dizziness
  • Trouble in sleep
  • Sweating
  • Blood spots appearing in the eyes

Causes of High Blood Pressure

There can be more than one cause for blood pressure. Some of the essential causes of blood pressure are listed as follows:-

Other known causes of high blood pressure are listed as follows:-

  • Diabetes
  • Kidney related ailments
  • Kidney infections for a prolonged period
  • Hormonal issues like overactive or underactive thyroid
  • Scleroderma
  • Lupus

There are occasions when blood pressure occurs as a consequence of the side effects of the medicines that a patient is taking. The medicines that are known to be causes of hypertension enhance blood pressure in patients are listed as follows:-

  • Steroids
  • Contraceptive pills
  • NSAIDs
  • Specific cough and cold medicines
  • Recreational drugs like cocaine
  • Antidepressants 

When to visit a doctor?

If you are experiencing any hypertension symptoms or any of the symptoms discussed above in this write-up, you must take the situation seriously and visit a doctor. It would help if you were clear about what you are experiencing. The expert medics may suggest a few body tests to diagnose the problem. Ambulatory monitoring or blood tests, and urine tests to check the conditions that can make the blood pressure situation worse in the patient.

Other tests include electrocardiogram and echocardiogram. If you are suffering from high blood pressure, then it is recommended that you rest and adhere to the suggestions made by your physician. If you are not a patient with high blood pressure, then regular exercise is necessary. Besides, it is good to maintain a healthy diet and avoid drinking and smoking. It would help if you visited the doctor to know the whereabouts of the causes of hypertension to get it treated immediately.

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